Essential Reforms Required before CEDRE

Riviera Hotel, Beirut, Lebanon | November 12, 2018

The Democratic Renewal Party welcomed members of parliament, three ministers, and experts to project Lebanon’s future in light of CEDRE. LIMS’ Director Ms. Kristelle Mardini and Senior Policy Analyst Mr. Majdi Aref cautioned on the dangers of further increasing public debt to finance infrastructure, especially since the private sector can provide equity finance and ensure much better management of the projects. They also explained that countries who relied on increasing debt like Greece have failed, whereas others that liberated the economy like the UK flourished.


Regulatory Reforms: Comparing Lebanese and American Experiences

Azm University – Balamand University, Lebanon | November 6-8, 2018

Several Universities in Lebanon hosted LIMS guest,  Mr. Ross Marchand to discuss regulatory reforms in Lebanon. He argued that regulation can have far reach and unintended consequences. 

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CEDRE Reforms: Government Infrastructure Plans, Should Allow Private Sector to Enter

Tajadod Headquarters, Beirut, Lebanon | October 31, 2018

Earlier in 2018, the Lebanese government held a conference asking international donors for $17 billion in loans, as a means to fund infrastructure projects and promising structural reforms in return.

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Imaginecon18:  Future of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Progress

Lifelong Learning Institute, Singapore | 10 to 11-08-2018

Dr. Patrick Mardini was invited by the Adam Smith Center in Singapore, to discuss the future of blockchain and finance. He retraced the monetary origins of the business cycle and explained the challenges facing the central bank, in the conduct of monetary policy. More

Liberty International World Conference 2018

Krakow, Poland | 12-08-2018

LIMS movement is growing in Lebanon and open to new ideas and approached for strong pro-Liberty actions. LIWC introduced current libertarian points of interest to the already oriented audience. More

Mutation of Bitcoin: Lessons for Today and the Future

Cathay Institute for Public Affairs at Renmin University, Beijing, China | 29-07-2018

Dr. Mardini presented empirical evidence showing that Bitcoin behaves like commodities. He then investigated the intrinsic value of the cryptocurrency and focused on its ability to More

Discussing Economic Freedom and Trade war in China

North Eastern University, Shenyang, China | 21-07-2018

LIMS president, Dr. Patrick Mardini, discussed the importance of economic freedom at the Northeastern University in China with a group of scholars, policy analysts, and students. More

Intellectual Foundations for a Free and Virtuous Society

Devos Place, Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States | 19-06-2018

Lebanon has 18 recognized sects, including Christian, Shia, Sunni, and Druze. Since the country’s independence in 1943, seats in the Lebanese parliament have been allocated by sect and most Lebanese political parties are religious by nature. More

LIMS Director Voices Concern Over CEDRE’s Proposed Solutions at Roundtable Event

Riviera Hotel, Beirut, Lebanon | 20-04-2018

LIMS Director Kristelle Mardini, was invited to the Democratic Renewal Movement roundtable along with Lebanon’s top economists and experts to discuss what’s needed to trigger growth. Ms. Mardini questioned CEDRE’s proposed solutions and described them More

Building Bridges for a Brighter Future

PSP Headquarters, Beirut, Lebanon | 21-03-2018

During his visit to Lebanon, Prof Garello met two members of the political bureau of the Progressive Socialist Party (PSP), after the conference. The discussion was an attempt to understand the political tensions hindering real reforms in the electricity sector, and to explore ways to overcome obstacles. He explained how More

LIMS Takes Part in Policy Writing and Advocacy Workshop

Le Commodore Hotel, Beirut, Lebanon | 28-01-2018

LIMS participated in a two-day workshop on policy writing and advocacy organized by the Project on Middle East Democracy – (POMED). LIMS’ staff brainstormed, interacted, and debated with the POMED team and different participants on defining policy problems, More

Li and Ken’s Roundtable with Political Parties


LIMS hosted Ms. Li Zhao Schoolland, a freedom champion from China, and Mr. Ken Schoolland, the director of the Entrepreneurship Center at Hawaii
Pacic University, for four roundtables with political parties. Ms. Zhao Schoolland discussed the transition of China from communism and famine, to capitalism and prosperity, while Mr. Schoolland emphasized on More

The Vital Role of Think Tanks in Local Communities

Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco | 10-12-2017

Dr. Patrick Mardini and Mr. Majdi Aref were invited to discuss the role of  locally grown think tanks, in the broader eld of international development. The event was hosted by Eirene Associates at the Ibn Tofail University in Morocco. Both Dr. Mardini and Mr. Aref insisted on the negative effects government intervention has on economic growth and freedom.

LIMS Won Atlas Best Think Tank Award in the MENA Region

Rabat, Morocco | 09-12-2017

At the Arab Liberty Festival’s gala dinner, LIMS was awarded the 2017 Regional Liberty Award for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, for the “Legalize Electricity in Lebanon” campaign. More

Business Friendly Reforms: The Case of Lebanon

Atlas Hotel, Marrakech, Morocco | 08-12-2017

Dr. Patrick Mardini related rent-seeking behavior and bad infrastructure in Lebanon, to the need of maintaining peace. He stressed on the importance of working with policymakers, in order to achieve tangible market-friendly results. More

Empowering Youth and Women in the Arab World Though Economic Reforms

Averroes Academy, Rabat, Morocco | 30-11-2017

Mr. Majdi Aref discussed effective ways to promote economic freedom in the Arab World, with 18 activists from different civil society groups in the MENA region. He emphasized the importance of producing policy research and engaging youth from political parties in the advocacy process. The  workshop was organized by the Arab Center for Scientific Research and Humane Studies.

How to Increase the Freedom of Trade in Arab Countries

Golden Tulip El Mechtel Hotel, Tunis, Tunisia | 26-11-2017

Ms. Nour Bou Malhab was invited by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation to discuss the situation of trade in Lebanon. Ms. Bou Malhab highlighted tari and nontari barriers, argued for the importance of free trade, and
suggested novel ideas for reforms.

Fifth Annual Conference of Civil Society Organizations – MENA

Sousse, Tunisia | 17-11-2017

Unity is strength! Ms. Kristelle Mardini, was invited by POMED Tunisia, to discuss “Building Alliances and Ensuring Their Sustainability” with participants from across the Middle East and North Africa. More

LIMS at Liberty Forum and Freedom Dinner 2017

Crowne Plaza Times Square Hotel, New York, USA | 08-11-2017

Dr. Patrick Mardini was invited by the Atlas Network to discuss ways for advancing liberty in Lebanon. He laid out a general framework for analyzing the Lebanese sectarian-political system and discussed market-oriented solutions for the daily 12-hour power outages.

Liberals, Property, and the Environment

Gummersbach, Germany | 15-10-2017

Ms. Kristelle Mardini was invited by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for  a 12-day workshop at the International Academy for Leadership (IAF). Ms. Mardini brainstormed with 24 policy activists from across the world, on the visibility, consistency, ecacy, and success of environmental solutions promoted over the past years.

Corruption and Civil Peace

Ahrar Headquarters, Beirut, Lebanon | 09-10-2017

Dr. Mardini highlighted the poor ranking of Lebanon on the indices of transparency and corruption. He related rent-seeking behavior and the bad infrastructure in Lebanon, to the need of maintaining peace. Mr. Aref suggested to keep the government out of the business sector, in order to reduce corruption.

Lebanon’s Accession to the World Trade Organization

Lebanese Kataeb Headquarters, Beirut, Lebanon | 28-09-2017

For Dr. Mardini, Lebanon’s accession to the WTO is a safeguard against protectionist policies. Increasing the prices of imported goods, will increase the cost for local industries, services, and agriculture. They are a tax on the poor and they make Lebanon less competitive. Mr. Majdi Aref illustrated the importance of trade, with examples from Hong Kong and Singapore.

Breathing, Drinking, Eating – Public Good?

FNF Offices, Beirut, Lebanon | 10-08-2017

Seventy percent of the Lebanon’s freshwater is contaminated
with sewage. The impact on potable water, fishery, and
farming is growing every day, leading to health problems,
ban on Lebanese agricultural exports, and general distrust in
local products. Dr. Mardini argued that this is a standard
example of the tragedy of the commons, and suggested the
privatization of water.

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Moral Foundations of the Market Economy

Holy Savior Monastery, Chouf, Lebanon | 01-08-2017

Dr. Mardini reminded PhilOrient participants that in ancient times, the  ruler was considered an All-Knowing God. Today, we know that people  running the government are neither gods nor all-knowing. Even with the best intentions, the unintended consequence of their actions is harmful.  The market however, has the ability to force all kind of individuals to serve each other in order to prosper.

Think Tank Empowerment Project

LIMS Offices, Tripoli, Lebanon | 30-07-2017

Mrs. Souad Adnane from the ACSR, delivered a training seminar to LIMS sta on fundraising, strategic planning, and project management. LIMS was selected along with 3 other think tanks from the region, to take part in this project.

Why is Bureaucracy Inefficient?

Northeastern University, Shenyang, China | 14-07-2017

Dr. Mardini showed how bureaucracy goes hand-in-hand with monopolies, compulsory payment, taxes, and abusing the client. He then compared bureaucracy, to the service provided in a competitive market with voluntary payment and choice. This was part of a lecture series delivered by Dr.  Mardini to students, academics and business leaders in the Shenyang  region in China.

Globalization and Free Trade

Renmin University, Beijing, China | 13-07-2017

Dr. Mardini endorsed Simpson’s argument against the idea that
government intervention is needed to correct externalities. Dr. Mardini argued that limited government intervention, will inevitably open the door for additional interference and distortion. He illustrated the example of Lebanon that progressively moved from a free market economy in the 50s, to socialist policies in the 60s, and ended up in a civil war.

Feasible Economic Reforms and Win-Win Solutions

Hilton Metropolitan Palace, Beirut, Lebanon | 08-07-2017

LIMS hosted Dr. Tom G. Palmer, the George M. Yeager Chair for Advancing Liberty and Executive Vice President for International Programs at the Atlas Network, to discuss the feasible economic reforms and win-win solutions with Lebanese policymakers. Dr. Palmer illustrated More

Acton University

Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA | 20-06-2017

Dr. Patrick Mardini explored the moral and theological foundations of a free and virtuous society at Acton University 2017. The event gathered over 1000 faith-based leaders, business and economic leaders, entrepreneurs, academics, nonprot and development leaders, small business leaders, and students representing 70+ countries.

The National Convention of Ahrar

Sagesse University, Beirut, Lebanon | 04-06-2017

Dr. Mardini discussed the Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon and argued for allowing the Syrian refugees to open businesses and work freely. Syrians would reduce the cost of production, allow Lebanon More

The Ronald Coase Institute Workshop

Xiamen University, Xiamen, China | 14-05-2017

The current government monopoly on electricity in Lebanon is a vehicle  used by a part of the ruling elite to generate rent, limit competition, and  provide their coalition with exclusive access to EDL’s jobs and contracts. Dr. Mardini explored the possibility of striking a Coasian contract to allow more access to the electricity market in Lebanon.

Lebanon’s Government Budget

Lebanese Kataeb Headquarters, Beirut, Lebanon | 26-01-2017

Dr. Mardini was invited to a roundtable hosted by the Lebanese Kataeb, to discuss Lebanon’s budget and to suggest solutions for the fiscal deficit. The use of privatization and public-private partnerships was suggested, as ways to upgrade the level of infrastructure, without amplifying the deficit and debt. Special emphasis was placed on electricity.

How to Draft a Winning Policy Paper ?

Lebanese Kataeb Headquarters, Beirut, Lebanon | 26-01-2017

LIMS broadcasted a presentation on December 14, 2015 of a policy paper on the “Zero Dollar” Cost for Electricity’s Twin Deficit problem in Lebanon”. The policy paper had won the first prize of the best policy paper in the MENA region at the Averroes Academy for Freedom and Democracy. It was also presented in Rabat, Morroco, on November 28, 2015. The presentation was followed by tips for freedom activists in the MENA region on how to write a winning policy paper.

Best Think Tank Project in the MENA Region


LIMS was rewarded the think best tank “project” in the MENA region at the First Arab Liberty Festival. The event was organized by the Arab Center for Scientific Research and Humane Studies in Marrakesh, Morocco. The festival included participation from countries such as Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mali, Syria, Oman, and Turkey.

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